English meaning: “barley”
    Deutsche Übersetzung: “Gerste”
    Note: Root albhi- : “barley” derived from a truncated Root eregʷ(h)o-, erogʷ(h)o- : “pea” [common Gk. -kʷ- > -p-, -gʷ- > -b- phonetic mutation].
    Material: Gk. ἄλφι, ἄλφιτον “ barley, pearl barley, barley flour “, lakon. ἀλίφατα ἄλφιτα ἤ ἄλευρα Hes. (with gradual growth vowel ι; Ehrlich KZ. 38, 55, in ἄλφι : ἄλφατα from which by intersection with ἄλφι then ἄλφιτ-α, -ον - sees a relation as between O.Ind. ásth-i : asthn- áḥ, what would guarante older Proto-IE of the word); Alb. elp (elbi) “barley” (N. pl. *albhī-). Iran. *arbhi- conclusions Vasmer Stud. z. Alb.Wortf. I (Dorpat 1921) S. 16 ff. from turkotatar. etc arba “barley”. relationship to *albh- “ white “ assumes Specht Decl. 68 O.N. From Iranian branch the name for barley passed to Altaic family: Protoform: *àrp”á
    English meaning: “barley, millet” Turkic protoform: *arpa Mongolian protoform: *arbaj Tungus protoform: *arpa Japanese protoform: *àpá
    Note: EAS 90, KW 15, Poppe 87. АПиПЯЯ 67. The Mong. form cannot be explained as a Turkism (despite TMN 2, 24, Щербак 1997, 100). The Turkic form is sometimes compared with Proto-Iran. *arba- (corresponding to Gk. alphi), cf. East Iranian forms going back to *arpasyü- (or *arbasyü) (Стеблин-Каменский 1982, 23), but it is not identical (loss of the final syllable is hard to explain); on the other hand, the Jpn. parallel is a strong argument in favour of the Altaic origin of the Turkic form.
    References: WP. I 92, Jokl Festschrift Kretschmer 78 f., Kieckers IE. 41, 184, Wahrmann Gl. 17, 253.

Proto-Indo-European etymological dictionary. 2015.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • albho- (*hele-bho-) —     albho (*hele bho )     English meaning: “white”     Deutsche Übersetzung: “weiß”     Note: Root albho (*helba ): “white” derived from Root el 1, ol , el : red, brown (in names of trees and animals) extended in kʷho , bho formants. see Lat.… …   Proto-Indo-European etymological dictionary

  • άλφι — ἄλφι, το (Α) βλ. άλφιτον. [ΕΤΥΜΟΛ. Όρος που δήλωνε αρχικά είδος αλεύρου από κριθάρι σε αντίθεση με τις λ. ἄλειαρ*, ἄλευρον. Αργότερα η λ. δήλωνε κατ’ επέκταση «το καθημερινό ψωμί, τον επιούσιο». Πρόκειται για αρχαίο τ. αθέματου (τριτόκλιτου)… …   Dictionary of Greek

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